kitchen

Kitchen Kit - Getting into Rhythm with your Pestle & Mortar

Sistahintheraw Pestle and Mortar

Kitchen Kit...

A well used pestle and mortar can add the gift of ancient creativity to your kitchen. These sets have been around for thousands of years BC. and have traditionally been used for medicinal, pharmacology, alchemy and culinary arts.

In the kitchen this utensil set is used to crack spices like peppercorns, for crushing herbs and hand grinding roots. I love crushing tender herbs like basil to make pesto, or dry spices to make up a garam masala or jerk seasoning. Manually crushing aromatic ingredients allows their oils to be released, even dry appearing ingredients, like ginger or lemon grass, can be reduced to a paste through crushing. Theres something really satisfying about working this technique through your ingredients with your hands. 

No raw food kitchen should be without it's pestle and mortar set, however there are certain features to consider that can make it an easy to use option for specific uses. Your well constructed pestle and mortar set will last for many years and is always convenient to use and easy to clean.

I opt for either a stone (granite) or marble pestle and mortar set. This is because I have found their substantial weight enables them to remain stable while you're pounding away at your spices, unlike the wooden one a purchased before realising this is an important feature the kind of use I wanted it for.

When the interior of the mortar is slightly rougher in texture, it allows for both wet and dry mixes to be worked on with ease.

I look for a wide base pestle, so that the base is broader than it's top. 

A larger capacity mortar with a deep well is effective as a kitchen tool; if you're using it to make pesto for instance, you need it to be able to adequately hold all the ingredients, with room to mix them together as well. If you plan to use your pestle and mortar for small occasional jobs, then a smaller set will do.

It's so easy to use...
Here's a great instruction on how to use your pestle and mortar:

  • Place your ingredients in the mortar and hold it in place with one hand.
  • Hold the pestle in your fist with a firm but comfortable grip.
  • Press the rounded end of the pestle down onto the ingredients and roll it against the mortar while applying firm pressure.
  • Grind until you've reached your preferred consistency.

If you are making a paste, after grinding your ingredients, you can add a small amounts of liquid (oil, water, plant milk) at a time to get the desired consistency. You can get into your own rhythm from pounding the pestle against the mortar in the process of making a paste from scratch.

I find that a pestle and mortar allows me more control over preparing small quantities and herbs and spices also have an earthier flavour.

When you’ve finished using a mortar, whether it's granite or another kind, rinse it off with warm soapy water and immediately wipe the bowl dry, especially if it's wooden, before storing it away.

Try out a Handmade Garam Masala (gah-rum ma-saa-la) Blend Recipe

  • 2 tablespoons coriander seeds
  • 1 teaspoon whole cloves
  • 2 teaspoons cumin seeds
  • 1 teaspoon black peppercorns
  • 1 teaspoon black cardamom seeds
  • 3-4 cinnamon sticks
  • 3-4 dried bay leaves

Crush out the spices adding a teaspoon at a time, until it reaches either a coarse or fine mixture as preferred. Store in an air-tight glass jar.

Translated the name means hot (garam) mix (masala). Garam Masala adds warmth (having a warming effect on the digestive system, as well as imparting a warm, spicy flavour). 

It's a spice blend that is used in all sorts of Indian recipes, including tarkas, raitas, lassi drinks, teas, desserts. Growing up, we used Garam Masala to add flavour to our baked beans. You can also sprinkle Garam Masala onto fruits like watermelons and guavas, with a pinch of salt. 

For your raw food recipes, you can add Garam Masala to your raw crackers, pate's, sauces and other savoury dishes.

The recipe ingredients for Garam Masala often varies according to its geographical region of origin.

Resources: (copy the links below and paste into your browser)
- A the traditional Mexican version of the mortar and pestle is called a molcajeteused to crush and grind spices and to prepare salsas and guacamole. 
Ten Thousand Years of the Mortar and Pestle https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/01/mortar-pestle-object-lesson/423852/
Mortar and pestle in history and heraldry
http://www.pharmaceutical-journal.com/opinion/blogs/mortar-and-pestle-in-history-and-heraldry/11089459.blog
Bird-shaped pestle
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/xQBDvzBRSrqVQYQ5ECaZwA
"Grinding Stone to Art Object: The Mortar and Pestle from the Renaissance to the Present"
https://www.usciences.edu/about/marvin-samson-center-for-the-history-of-pharmacy/collections-exhibitions.html
Why Every Chef Needs a Mortar and Pestle
https://www.escoffier.edu/blog/culinary-arts/why-every-chef-needs-a-mortar-and-pestle/
Real Chefs Grind It With A Mortar And Pestle
https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2012/11/25/165596088/real-chefs-grind-it-with-a-mortar-and-pestle


Would you like to know about the Healthy Raw Food Lifestyle?

Living Food = Vibrant You! 
Create healthier habits, try out one of my online wellness programmes, register now

WANT TO USE THIS ARTICLE IN YOUR E-ZINE OR WEB SITE?
You can, as long as you include this complete statement with it: Anita McKenzie, is a Raw Soul Food and Holistic Health Lifestyle Mentor, she is founder of the brand "Sistahintheraw" and "Raw Soul Food" and a leading authority on Raw Food Life Success. If you're ready to jump-start your life, make healthier choices, and have more fun and joy in all that you do, get FREE success tips from Sistahintheraw now atwww.sistahintheraw.com

Medical Disclaimer
Sistahintheraw.com provides information on this website as an educational service. This website does not provide medical advice. The information and reference guides in this website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. The contents of this web site are not intended to offer personal medical advice, diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. The products is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. Please consult your health care provider for any advice on medications and medical conditions.  

Get Organised with Your Raw Food Kitchen

Sisthahintheraw in the Panama kitchen.jpg

This is me in the kitchen at the Sunfired Culinary Institute in Panama. I love to roll up my sleeves and let get in flow with my creativity. Here, I'm slicing onions that went into the dehydrators behind me, for which I needed a suitable sharp knife...most people who know me, know that I'm a bit shy of sharp knives, even though I did do some knife skills training in London some years ago.

This brings me to where I want to share some thoughts about how to go about setting up your raw food kitchen. A well stocked living foods and raw plant-based kitchen is your affirmation that you truly understand this lifestyle choice. Your commitment is reflected in your choice of organic products, your shopping habits and kitchen equipment chosen. More than food, this is an holistic health lifestyle choice, which recognises your connection to and inter-dependance with others and nature, it concerns all your choices, attitudes and behaviour. This is the lifestyle that restores harmony to the mind, spirit and body.

When you think about creating your raw food kitchen, there are some simple guidelines that will help you to create a space that is hassle-free, where your culinary creativity can flow in a space conducive to preparation of health promoting meals.
We consider

  • Shopping and best produce and ingredients
  • Kitchen appliances and gadgets
  • Storage
  • Sprouting
  • Education

Clean, plant-based raw food means eating foods in their most natural, whole state, so as to maximise their nutritional benefits, let this be your guide. You choose food preparation techniques and equipment that enables you to stick closely to this principle.

Shopping, best produce and ingredients
The first step to setting up your raw food kitchen is to take a look at the type of food you buy, is it healthy, sustainable, whole and clean, or mostly some type of processed foods? Simply, you can start to phase out anything that doesn't fit the 'healthy, sustainable, whole and clean' format. Look through you pantry and dispose of all unhealthy culprits, including seasonings and sauces that contain preservatives, oils that are not cold-pressed, cartons and tinned food. Look for healthy alternatives, which also means learning how to read food labels.

When shopping for fresh produce, focus on reducing your exposure to pesticides and buy organic, or grow your own. You can visit farmers markets, or use a fresh food delivery service. If possible choose the freshest, ripest locally grown, vibrant looking food and food that is in season in your location.

Firstly, making a shopping list and stock your cupboard with ingredients that you already like and use regularly, then add small quantities first of new ingredients over time to test them. Think packaged dried goods (nuts, seeds, grains etc.), cold pressed oils, salt substitutes (like dried seaweeds or celery powder), herbs and spices, then add fresh vegetables and fruit, which require more frequent shopping trips. 

Wash and dry fresh produce and store them in their whole form in bags or containers that are not tightly sealed, in the refrigerator to allow them to breathe and to maximise freshness. Keep fruits that emit ethylene gas (apples, apricots, cantaloupe, honeydew, figs, avocados, unripe bananas, nectarines, plums, pears, tomatoes, peaches) separate from all other produce. Use up your most perishable produce first. 

Avoid cashews and peanuts. Cashews most often they are not truly raw and the nut is encased in toxic resins, while peanuts are commonly contaminated with moulds.

Daily work
Rinse sprouts and put nuts and seeds to soak in the morning while you are preparing your fruit or making a fruit smoothie.

Appliances and gadgets
It isn't really necessary to have lots of kitchen gadgets, but they do allow for faster and easier preparation time. I have to admit, I do love testing out new gadgets, so over the years in my raw food kitchen, I have acquired an array of gorgeous food prep play things.

The type of equipment you choose, will depend upon the type of raw food recipes you intend to prepare, so you can acquire kitchen equipment as and when it's needed.

Start off with some main pieces of equipment to make preparation in the kitchen easier. A masticating juicer for superior juices that retain more of their nutrients and enzymes; a blender that can deal with the thick nature of many raw food dishes and frequency of usage; food processor with lots of attachments, great for chopping; a dehydrator with a thermostat for making pie crusts, patties, fruit leathers etc; and utensils and knives that you feel comfortable using. 

You might also want to consider a mandolin which slices, juliennes and shreds vegetables quickly, decoratively and with so much ease. A spice grinder which is also known as a coffee grinder, these tools double as a great way to grind up fresh spices or small amounts of seeds or nuts. They can also ground flax seeds.  

Think about how to design your space that that when you're preparing a recipe, your process can flow easily from one piece if equipment to another, so where they are stored and located is important.

Storage
Store your seeds in a cool, dark place, preferably in glass containers. However, all seeds vary in their shelf life, and storing your seeds in the refrigerator will also double their approx shelf life. Nuts and seeds that are high in fats and protein can oxidise and become rancid over time, so store them in a freezer and ensure that they remain dry.

Generally, it's best to use dried herbs and spices within a year of purchase. Ideally buy whole spices and ground them yourself. 

Avoid plastic containers, glass is great for storage of dry goods and prepared foods. Glass jars come in most handy for fermenting foods. Raw kimchi, nut cheeses, sauerkraut and other pro-biotic raw foods are fermented and stored using glass or ceramic jars only. Glass bottles and jugs are best for your raw hut and seed milks, flavoured water and other drinks.

Sprouting
Sprouts are living foods, chlorophyl-rich and a great source of nutrients as well as anti-oxidants. Sprouting is so simple. Glass sprouting jars with their fine mesh caps commonly used in the raw food kitchen. You can do this without building a greenhouse. Believe it or not, the best place for you to grow all your sprouts is right in your own kitchen. You can pick and eat your sprouts on the same day. Learn how to sprout by watching a video, reading a book or attending a class. For your kitchen you will need these items to get you started:

  • Seeds
  • A sprouting vessel
  • Trays
  • Potting mix
  • A sprouting rack
  • A drain pan

"Sprouting really does not require a lot of space. You can grow five pounds of food in the form of sprouts in one square foot of kitchen countertop space. This takes care of all the beans, legumes, and leafy sprouts. Using a tiered rack such as the seven-tiered Hydrosol rack, you can grow all the wheatgrass, sunflower, buckwheat and pea shoot sprouts you need for two people in two square feet of floor space. You can have a nice butcher block cutting board cut to size to fit over your stovetop and use that area for growing sprouts."

Education
There is so much more readily available information about how to get started with raw and living plant-based food and it's accompanying lifestyle, that it's easy to yourself clued up, which will enable you to make more informed decisions. There is a great deal of conflicting information flying around, even raw food fads and fashion that encourage unhealthy habits; so pick from the best tried and tested sources. You only need to start reading, signing up for Sistahintheraw programmes or attending a local class as steps towards optimum health and wellness. See the list below to get on track.

Sistahintheraw holding her tray of sunflower sprouts

Sistahintheraw holding her tray of sunflower sprouts

Resource and Research:
Growing Your Own Living Foods - Sprouting The Easy Way. By Brian Hetrich. New Life Books ISBN-13: 978-0-6926-0055-9
http://hippocratesinst.org/how-to-set-up-your-kitchen-for-sprouting
www.sistahintheraw.com/products/
The China Study. By Colin T. Campbell and Jacob Gould Schurman

Want to know more?

Living Food = Vibrant You - Create healthier habits, try out one of my online wellness programmes, register here.

WANT TO USE THIS ARTICLE IN YOUR E-ZINE OR WEB SITE?
You can, as long as you include this complete statement with it: Anita McKenzie, is a Raw Soul Food and Holistic Health Lifestyle Mentor, she is founder of the brand "Sistahintheraw" and "Raw Soul Food" and a leading authority on Raw Food Life Success. If you're ready to jump-start your life, make healthier choices, and have more fun and joy in all that you do, get FREE success tips from Sistahintheraw now atwww.sistahintheraw.com

Medical Disclaimer
Sistahintheraw.com provides information on this website as an educational service. This website does not provide medical advice. The information and reference guides in this website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. The contents of this web site are not intended to offer personal medical advice, diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. The products is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. Please consult your health care provider for any advice on medications and medical conditions.